William Gaskell: 11 August 1796 - 11 March 1880
William was born in Middlesex, and was blind at birth. He married, by license from Canterbury, Mercy Bone on 11th April 1818 at St Johnís, Thanet, Kent, of which they were both residents. Mercy was born on 25th October 1796. .
According to the 1841 Census, William and Mercy were living in Margate with their children, Esther aged 15, Mercy, aged 15, Abigail, aged 13, Rebecca, aged 11 and Hagar, aged 8.
According to the 1851 Census, William was blind, aged 56. a renter of Land and Housing, and Mercy, aged 51, were living att 41 Hawley Square, St Johns, Thanet. Children at home were, Mercy Gaskell, aged 25. Abigail Gaskell, aged 23, Rebecca Gaskell, aged 20 and Hagar Gaskell, aged 18. There was also one servant. William is also mentioned in the Post Office Directory and Court Directory for 1851 as resident at 41 Hawley Square.
Mercy died on 13th November 1859, aged 63, in Hawley Square, the wife of William Gaskell, gentleman. Her daughter, Mercy, was the informant, also resident at Hawley Square
In early 1861 William married Frances Court in Thanet
According to the 1861 Census, William, blind, and Frances continued to live at 41 Hawley Square, St Johns, Thanet, aged 64. He occupation was Landed Proprietor. Frances was aged 61 and born in Thanet. Also living at home were Mercy, aged 35 and Hagar, aged 28, plus a servant
According to the 1871 Census, William, blind form birth, aged 74, and a landowner, was still living at 41 Hawley Square with Frances. and his daughters, Mercy and Hagar, were by then married
William and Mercy had seven children:
Jemima Mercy Ann Bone Gaskell was baptised at St Johnís on 13th April 1819. Jemima married firstly Thomas Bell and secondly John Skelton in Margate in mid 1845.
According to the 1851 Census, John, born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, was aged 35 and a Draper of 140 High Street, Margate, Kent. Jemima was 32. There were two servants and an Apprentice and an Assistant present. The following children, all born in Margate, were at home:
Ellen Skelton aged 3
William Skelton aged 2
Julia Skelton aged 9 months
According to the 1861 Census, Jemima, aged 41 and John, aged 46, were living in Bounds House, a 15 acre farm in Hearnhill, Kent employing 3 labourers. The following children were also present:
Jemima M Skelton aged 13, a scholar
William J Skelton aged 11
Julia Skelton aged 9
According to the 1871 Census, John Skelton was aged 55 and born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire; he was a Farmer and Land owner of 15 acres employing one man. Jemima was a Farmerís wife and presumably working on the farm as were their children, then at home:
Ellen Skelton aged 23
William John Skelton aged 21
Julia Skelton aged 20
There was one servant in the home
William Jonathan George Clare Bone Gaskell was baptised at St Johnís on 18th March 1822. William married Mary Elizabeth Stranack on 1st August 1844 at St Johnís, Thanet, Kent. William was a Chemist and his fatherís profession was a gentleman. Maryís father was John Seathe Strannack and he was a mariner. Mary was baptised at St Johnís on 9th January 1831. They had Two Children: born in Margate
William John Gaskell born in Margate in early 1845. According to the 1861 Census, William was aged 16, an Iron Metal Clerk and living with his parents at 59 Crookherstown, Cambrai Place, Cardiff.. According to the 1871 Census, William was living with his parents at 12 Windsor Road, Cardiff; he was an Architect and Surveyor aged 26. According to the 1881 Census, William was living in Hamilton Terrace, Steynton, Pembroke, Wales. He was then still an Architect and Surveyor aged 36. His wife, Rachel Armytage, aged 27, was born in Hensol Castle, Glamorgan, Wales. Rachel was baptised on 2nd October 1853, the daughter of Thomas and Rachel Armytage. William and Rachel married in Cardiff in mid 1874. They had the following two children:
William George Gaskell aged 4, born in Cardiff in early 1976
Alice Maud Gaskell aged 1, born in Penarth, Glamorgan in early 1879
William petitioned for Divorce from Rachel in 1882.
Mary E Gaskell born in Margate in 1848. According to the 1861 Census, Mary was aged 13, a Scholar and living with her parents at 59 Crookherstown, Cambrai Place, Cardiff. According to the 1871 Census, Mary was living with her parents at 12 Windsor Road, Cardiff
In about 1849 the family moved to Wolborough Street, Newton Abbott, Devon, where William in the 1851 Census appears as a Druggist, employing 2 men and an Apprentice. Another son:
Colonel Joseph Jabez Exell Gaskell CBE, born in Newton Abbott mid 1849 According to the 1861 Census, Joseph was aged 11, a Scholar and living with his parents at 59 Crookherstown, Cambrai Place, Cardiff. According to the 1871 Census, Joseph was living with his parents at 12 Windsor Road, Cardiff; He was a Cider and General Commission Agent, like his father. According to the 1881 Census, Joseph, aged 31, was living at 1 Windsor, Penarth, Glamorgan, with his wife, Emily Mary Hill, also 31, whom he married in late 1874 in Cardiff. Edith was born c. 1850 in Borobridge, Yorkshire. Joseph was still a Commission Agent (ABS). There was also a servant and a nurse in their home; their children then were.
Joseph Clore Gaskell aged 4 and born c.1877 in Penarth, Glamorgan
Lt Colonel Frank Hill Gaskell aged 2 and born mid 1878 in Penarth. He married Violet Ann C Charles in early 1909. Frank had served during the Boer War and was awarded King Edwardís Coronation Medal. In 1916 he was a Lieutenant Colonel in the 16th Battalion of the Welsh Regiment and was killed on 17th May 1916 and buried in Merville Cemetery, North France, plot V11. A17. His home in Wales was then Boscobel, Llanishen.
Edith M Gaskell aged 2 and born late 1880 in Penarth, Glamorgan. She married Ivor Vincent Downing, who was born in Cardiff in 1879. They had a daughter:
Grace Mary Downing married Laurence Stopford Cotter in 1935. Laurence was born in 1912 and killed in action in Sicily in 1943. Grace died in 1992 in Yelverton, Devon
By the mid 1870s Joseph ran had licensed stores in Cardiff and Llanarth Street, Newport.T hese stores were supplied by Hancocks Brewery of Somerset. In 1883 Hancocks employed Joseph to be MD of North & Low's Bute Dock Brewery in Cardiff. According to the 1891 census, Joseph, aged 41, was still MD of a the Brewery. Joseph and his wife, Emily was also 41 and born in Borobridge, Yorkshire were living at The Coldra, Newport. There was a Governess and three servants in the home. Their children then at home, including Edith, aged 10, were:
Grace Emily Gaskell aged 8 born in Penarth, Glamorgan in early 1883. She was a scholar and married in mid 1909.
Geoffrey Whittall Gaskell aged 5 born in Penarth in mid 1885 and a scholar
Joseph Gerald Gaskell aged 5 born in Penarth in mid 1885 and a scholar
According to the 1901 Census, the family were living in New House, Llanishen, Glamorgan. Joseph, aged 50 was still MD of the Brewery. Emily was also 50 and their daughter Emily, aged 20 was also present, not working, plus six servants.
According to the 1861 Census, William, aged 39, and Mary, aged 27, were living in 59 Crookherstown, Cambrai Place, Cardiff. John was a Commission Agent and the following children were present:
William John aged 16
Mary E aged 13.
Joseph J aged 11
According to the 1871 Census the family was living at 12 Windsor Road, Cardiff, William was a Cider and Commission Agent, aged 50 and Mary was aged 40. Their sons, William and Joseph, above, were at home plus those appearing in the 1881 Census below, but in 1871 only, the additional children were present
Ernest William Gaskell aged 13 and born in Cardiff in mid 1857
Charles Alfred Gaskell born c. 1862 in Cardiff, aged 9 in 1871 and then living at home and working as a Civil Engineering Assistant. Aged 19 in 1881 and an Articled Bank Clerk. He married Bessie Tagres in mid 1886 in Cardiff. According to the 1891 Census he was a Secretary to a Public Company and the family was living at Alteryn House, Newport, with the following children at home:
Charles Clore T Gaskell born mid 1887 in Penarth
Susan J Gaskell born c. 1889 in Penarth
Ernest Keith Gaskell aged 4 months and born in Monmouth, Glamorganshire
Also present in 1891 were Charlesís brother James and Jamesís wife Henrietta
According to the 1901 Census Charles was still Secretary to a Public Company in Newport.
According to the March 1881 Census, the family had moved to 4 Beach Road, Penarth, Glamorgan. William, a Commission Agent, was still married to Mary, born in Margate, Kent; The following children were present:
James Stranack Gaskell born in Newton Abbott, Devon, c.1852 and aged 19 in 1871 and then living at home and working as a Civil Engineering Assistant. In 1881, aged 29, a Civil Engineer. In 1891 he and his wife, Henrietta Helen, aged 23, were living with Jamesís brother, Charles. According to the 1901 census, James was living in Beckenham in Kent, a Civil Engineer. James and Henrietta had two children:
Mary Henrietta Stranack Gaskell who was born on 20th June 1890 and baptised on 21st July 1890.
David L Gaskell
John Seath Stranack Gaskell born mid 1853 in Newton Abbott, Devon, aged 17 in 1871 and then living at home and working as a Merchants Clerk. Aged 26 in 1881 but without a job. In early 1882 he married Kathleen Damaris Pengally in Newcastle under Lyme.
Charles Alfred Gaskell born in 1862 in Cardiff. He married Bessie Trages in mid 1886. Bessie was born in 1862. They had three sons:
Charles Clare T Gaskell born in Penarth, Glamorgan in mid 1887
Ivan James Gaskell born in Penarth in mid 1888
Ernest Keith Gaskell born in early 1891
Annie B Gaskell born in Cardiff aged 16 in 1871 and a Scholar. She does not appear in the 1881 Census but her daughter does:
Annie E Gaskell, a Granddaughter, aged 6 in 1881 and born in Horsby, Glamorgan
In addition there were two servants.
According to the 1891 Census, Mary was living in Woodlands Road, Penarth, Glamorgan, with her daughter. Mary was of independent means,
Annie B Gaskell, aged 36 and granddaughter, Annie, aged 16 plus 1 servant.
According to the 1901 Census, Mary was aged 77 and living as an unmarried widow in Monmouthshire with her daughter, Annie. William died in Cardiff on 19th June 1881, aged 59 years.
Esther Gaskell was baptised on 27th January 1824. Esther married Rev. Joseph Exell in mid 1850 in Thanet.
According to the 1851 Census, Esther, aged 27 and Joseph, a Wesleyan Minister, aged 31 and born in Dursley, Gloucestershire, were living in Woolborough, Devon. At home was one son:
Joseph S Exell aged 1 and born in Melksham, Wilshire
According to the 1861 Census, Joseph was not at home, but Esther aged 37, a Wesleyan Minister's wife, was living at Cheshire Cheese, Main Street, Frodsham, Cheshire. The following children were at home:
Mercy E E Exell aged 9, a scholar, born in Newton Abbott, Devon
William G Exell aged 8, a scholar, born in Newton Abbott, Devon
Agnes N Exell aged 6, a scholar, born in Allon, Hampshire
Martha P Exell aged 4 and born in Goole, Yorkshire
Arthur B Exell agde 2 and born in Golle, Yorkshire
According to the 1871 Census, Joseph, a Wesleyan Minister, aged 57 and Esther, aged 47, were living in Eccles, Yorkshire, with two servants and the following children at home:
Mercy E Exell, aged 19 a Teacher in the family
Martha P Exell aged 14, a scholar
Ernest O Exell aged 9, a scholar, born in Frodsham, Cheshire
Caroline G Exell aged 7 and born in Frodsham, Cheshire
Ada B Exell aged 5, born in Pelsall, Staffordshire
Amy C Exell aged 5 and born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire
According to the 1881 Census, the Family were living then at 12 Seedley Road, Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire. Joseph was aged 61 and a Weslyan Minister; Mary was aged 57 and the following children were in the house
Mercy E Exell aged 29, born in Newton Abbott, Devon
Annie N Exell aged 25, born in Goole, Yorkshire
Ernest O Exell aged 19, a Traveller, born in Frodsham, Cheshire
Ada B Exell aged 15, born in Pelsall, Staffordshire
Amy C Exell aged 13 born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire
Plus one servant.
According to the 1891 Census, Esther was a widow aged 64, living in Broughton, Salford, Lancashire with two of her daughters, Ada aged 25 band Amy aged 23
Esther died aged 71 in Salford in 1895
Mercy Gaskell was born on 13th November 1825 and baptised at St Johnís on 11th December 1825. According to the 1851 Census, Mercy, aged 25, and the 1861 Census when Mercy was aged 35, she was living with her parents. She married Jonathan Biggs of Felmersham, Bedfordshire on 23rd October 1861. Jonathan was born on 4th January 1825. They had four children;
Mary Edith Biggs baptised on 24th April 1864 in Bromham, Bedfordshire. Mary was unmarried and died in Bedford in early 1910
William John Gaskell Biggs born 20th August 1865, in Bromham, Bedfordshire
Helen Elizabeth Biggs baptised on 14th July 1867, in Bromham
Ada Helen Biggs baptised on 18th October 1868, in Bromham
According to the 1881 Census the family was living at Bridge End, Bromham, Bedfordshire and John was a Miller employing 4 men and a Farmer of 60 acres employing 3 men. The family had one domestic servant at their house.
According to the 1901 Census, Mercy was living in the Parish of St Cuthbert, Bedford, aged 75. She died in Bedford in late 1905, aged 80
Abigail Gaskell was born on 18th November 1827 and baptised at St Johnís on 23rd December 1827. According to the 1851 Census, Abigail, aged 23, was living with her parents. She married John Carroway in early 1859 in Thanet. According to the 1871 Census, John and Abigail were living at 4 Cecil Square, Margate. John was an upholsterer employing 4 men. The following children were at home:
John Gaskell Carroway aged 10, born in mid 1860 and died in mid 1881
Willam Gaskell Carroway aged 7
Francis Carroway aged 6
Jessie Gaskell Carroway aged 3
Hubert Alf Carroway aged 1
plus two servants
According to the 1881 Census the family were at the same address, with the same children present all 10 years older but none in employment. John was still an upholsterer and there was one servant..
The 1891 Census has Abigail, a widow, aged 63 and living on own means at The Hollies, Fortes Green Road, Finchley, London, with William Gaskell Carroway, aged 27, an upholsterer; Francis Carroway, aged 26, an upholsterer, Jessie Gaskell Carroway, aged 23 and Companion to her mother; Hubert Alf Carroway, aged 21, an upholsterer.
The 1901 Census has Abigail living at the same address as 1891, aged 72 still living on own means. The children present, all unemployed!, are Francis, aged 36; Hubert, aged 31: Jessie, aged 22; and William, aged 27.
Rebecca Gaskell was born on 14th April 1830 and baptised at St Johnís on 10th May 1830. According to the 1851 Census, aged 20 she was living with her parents She married George Lowther Court.
According to the 1861 Census George and Mary were living in the High Street, St Leonards, Kent. George was aged 25, born in Margate, a Grocer, employing 1 man and 2 boys. Rebecca was aged 26, a Grocerís wife
According to the 1871 Census, George and Rebecca were living in the High Street, Hythe, Kent. Rebecca was aged 40 and not employed while George, aged 34, and born in Margate, was a Grocer. Their children were:
George L Court aged 7, born in Hythe and an Assistant, presumably to his father
Francis W Court aged 2 and born in Hythe
According to the 1881 Census, Rebecca and George were still living in Hythe St Leonards, Kent and George was still a Grocer. Their children present were:
George L Court aged 17,an Assistant, presumably to his father
According to the 1901 Census, George was living next door to his father at 18 High Street as a Grocer's Assistant. He was then married to Polly Hannah Porter, aged 39 and born in Abbotts Norton, Worcestershire. They married in late 1891 and they had two daughters and one son, born in Hythe:
Mary Jane Court aged 8, born c.1893
Dorothy Gaskell Court aged 6, born in mid 1894
George Lowther Court aged 5, born in late 1895
Richard Clement Court aged 9 and born in Hythe in late 1871. According to the 1891 census Richard aged 19, was a Grocer's Assistant to Mr John Peel, a Grocer, and his wife Laura, at 5 Butter Market, Ipswich, Suffolk. There were three other staff - another Grocer's Assistant, a Clerk and an Apprentice. All the staff were of similar age to Richard. There were children to John and Laura plus servants. According to the 1901 Census Richard, aged 29, was an Hotel Keeper and Publican of the Angel Hotel, Henley, Oxfordshire. He was then married to Annie Kate Harry, aged 30, born in Ash, Monmouthshire, whom he married in mid 1899. There were two children , born in Henley:
Kathleen S Court aged 1
Harry C Court aged 3 months
Richard died in early 1902
Frances E Court aged 8 and also born in Hythe
Plus three servants.
The 1891 Census has George, a widower and living, aged 54, at 19 High Street, Hythe, Kent. Also present were George L, his son, aged 27 and a Grocer's Assistant; Frances, aged 26 with no job listed; plus a cook and a housemaid.
The 1901 Census has George living at 19 High Street, Hythe as Grocer Shopkeeper aged 64 with his daughter Elizabeth, aged 29 plus a servant
Hagar Gaskell was born on 8th October 1832 and baptised at St Johnís on 12th November 1832. According to the 1851 Census, Hagar, aged 18 and the 1861 Census, aged 28, she was living with her parents. Hagar married Walter Biggs, baptised in Bromham, Bedfordshire, on 31st December 1828, the son of William and Mary Biggs. Hagar died in 1873 aged 41 in Hampstead, Middlesex. Walter then married Lavinia Jane Baker in late 1876.
According to the 1881 Census Walter was living with Lavinia, aged 21, born in London, Middlesex, at 8 Queen Street, Oxford. Walter was then 54 and a partner in Speakman & Company, employing 2 men and 2 boys plus, in the Manufacturing Shop, 5 men, 1 boy and 1 girl. In the house was a son of Walter and Hagar
Herbert W Biggs aged 14, a scholar, born in Hampstead
Also present was a daughter of the second marriage, Lavinia A Biggs, aged 2, born in Oxford; plus a visitor and a servant
William died in his home, 4 Hawley Square, Margate, on 11th March 1880, at the age of 83. the informant was his second wife, Frances.
According to the 1901 Census, Frances Gaskell, aged 81, was living on Tanners Hill. Parish of Saltwood. Hythe, Kent with a Housekeeper and a Domestic Servant.
George and William, two of the sons of George Gaskell, are referred to as cousins in the wills of Ann Gaskell in 1845 and Mary Gaskell in 1871. In 1871 William, son of George, was alive but his brother George dead, late of Margate.
The information on Georgeís descendants comes partly from a family tree prepared by John Gaskell of Shipley, grandson of George, and George Vickers Gaskell, great grandson in 1879. In addition there are a number of letters and documents. All these papers and the letters are deposited at the Worcester County Record Office, St Helenís.
In addition, certain information came from Mrs Margaret Exton of Bournemouth, a descendant by marriage of Ann Gaskell and Rev. William Exton.
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